Land - Energy
The land surface temperature responds to the temperature of the atmosphere.
IPCC Summary for Policymakers (SPM) content
A.1.3 The likely range of total human-caused global surface temperature increase from 1850–1900 to 2010–201911 is 0.8°C to 1.3°C, with a best estimate of 1.07°C
A.1.8 Changes in the land biosphere since 1970 are consistent with global warming: climate zones have shifted poleward in both hemispheres, and the growing season has on average lengthened by up to two days per decade since the 1950s in the Northern Hemisphere extratropics.
A.2.2 Global surface temperature has increased faster since 1970 than in any other 50-year period over at least the last 2000 years
Science Standards: NGSS SEP, DCI, CC
SEP: Analyzing & interpreting data
SEP: Engaging in argument from evidence
ESS2.D Weather & climate
ESS3.C Human impacts on Earth systems
ESS3.D Global climate change
CC: Cause & Effect
CC: Energy & Matter
PRI Climate Resources